9 Different Types of Fire Trucks

few different types of fire trucks

There are many different types of fire trucks, each designed for specific tasks.

From large brush trucks that can handle wildfires to engine companies that specialize in putting out fires in buildings, there is a truck for every type of emergency.

Here are nine of the most common types of fire trucks.

Types of Fire Trucks

There are nine types of fire trucks:

1. Pumper Truck

A pumper truck is a type of fire truck that is equipped with a pump and hose.

The pump is used to draw water from a hydrant and deliver it to the hose, which can then be used to extinguish a fire.

Pumper trucks are essential for fighting fires in urban areas, where hydrants are readily available.

They are also often used in rural areas, where firefighters may have to pump water from a nearby lake or river.

In addition to the pump and hose, pumper trucks also carry other equipment such as ladders, tools, and medical supplies.

2. Tanker Truck

A tanker truck is a large, heavy vehicle used to transport liquids or gases.

Tanker trucks are typically made of steel or aluminum and have a cylindrical tank that holds the cargo.

The tank is often insulated to keep the contents hot or cold and is mounted on a chassis with wheels and tires.

Tanker trucks are used to transport a variety of liquid and gaseous commodities, including oil, gasoline, propane, LPG, chemicals, and water.

Some tanker trucks also have a pump and hose system for dispensing the contents.

Tanker trucks vary in size from smaller vehicles that only carry a few hundred gallons to massive semi-trucks that can hold 10,000 gallons or more.

Depending on the type of cargo being transported, tanker trucks may be fitted with specialized equipment, such as baffles to prevent fuel sloshing or temperature-control devices.

3. Aerial Ladder Truck

Attack air trucks are outfitted with a high-range pump, waterway, and howitzer.

The average highest point of the tower is around 150 feet, however, some may achieve a stature of up to 300 feet.

At the top of the load, there is typically a water container holding 500 to 750 gallons of water that can be utilized forfeiting from pumpers or installed hydrants.

The water Partnerships are used to blast profound into structures to smother fires in upper stories or roofs.

A few compartments additionally convey suction hoses that can be utilized for drawing water from pools or different wellsprings of extra water.

The average cost of an aerial ladder truck is about 1 million dollars. Most are custom-made and take about 12-18 months to construct and convey.

There are many manufacturers that create aerial ladder trucks such as Pierce Manufacturing, E-One, KME Kreiser, Smea,l and Ferrara.

4. Tiller Truck

A tiller truck is a specialized type of fire truck that is equipped with a rear-mounted hydraulic device called a tiller.

This apparatus is used to help steer the truck in tight spaces, such as when backing up to a hydrant or maneuvering through narrow streets.

The tiller can also be used to raise and lower the truck’s ladder, as well as to extend and retract the hose lines.

Tiller trucks are particularly useful in urban areas, where they can help firefighters navigate through congested traffic and crowded streets.

In addition, the tiller’s ability to raise and lower the ladder makes it ideal for rescuing people from high-rise buildings.

usage of fire trucks

5. Brush Trucks

Brush trucks are specialized firefighting vehicles that are designed to access difficult-to-reach areas.

They are typically equipped with a water tank, pump, and hose, as well as a variety of tools for clearing brush and debris.

Brush trucks are often used in rural areas where roads and trails are not easily accessible by traditional fire engines.

They can also be used in urban areas to reach high-rise buildings or other structures that are difficult to access.

In many cases, brush trucks are the only way to reach a fire before it spreads out of control.

As a result, they play an essential role in protecting lives and property.

6. Wildland Fire Engines

A wildland fire engine is a specialized vehicle designed for fighting wildfires.

These vehicles are typically equipped with large tanks of water, as well as pumps and hose reels. Some engines also carry foam or other fire retardants.

Wildland fire engines are typically used by firefighters who are trained in wildland firefighting techniques.

These firefighters work in teams to combat the flames, using a variety of tools and strategies. In some cases, helicopters may also be used to help fight the fire from the air.

Wildland fires can pose a serious threat to both property and human life, so it is important for firefighters to be properly equipped and trained when responding to these incidents.

7. Heavy Rescue Vehicle

A heavy rescue vehicle is a type of emergency vehicle that is specifically designed to provide heavy-duty rescue capabilities.

These vehicles are typically used by firefighters and other first responders to rescue people who are trapped in difficult or dangerous situations, such as car accidents or collapsed buildings.

Heavy rescue vehicles are typically outfitted with a variety of specialized tools and equipment, such as hydraulic cutters and extrication gear, that allow rescuers to quickly and safely extricate victims from hazardous situations.

In addition, heavy rescue vehicles often have onboard medical equipment and personnel, which allows them to provide quick and effective medical care to victims of accidents or disasters.

8. Quints

A quint is a type of fire truck that is equipped with both an aerial ladder and a pump.

This combination allows the quint to perform the functions of both a ladder truck and a pumper, making it a versatile tool for fighting fires.

Quints are typically used in urban areas, where they can be used to reach tall buildings and fight fires from above.

They are also frequently used in rural areas, where their off-road capability and high water capacity make them ideal for fighting fires in remote locations.

Quints are an essential piece of equipment for any fire department, and they are typically one of the most expensive types of fire trucks.

9. Water Tender

A water tender, also known as a tank water truck or water buffalo, is a heavy-duty vehicle with a large tank for carrying water.

These trucks are used in a variety of settings, from construction sites to remote areas where there is no access to running water.

In addition to transporting water, many water tenders also feature pumps and hose reels, making them versatile tools for fighting fires.

Water tenders play an important role in ensuring that firefighters have the water they need to extinguish flames and protect property.


There are a variety of different types of fire trucks, each designed for a specific purpose.

Wildland firefighters use specially equipped vehicles to combat fires in rural areas. Water tenders provide a vital source of water for fighting fires.

These are just a few of the different types of fire trucks that are available.